The honeylocust is a fast-growing tree with very fragrant flowers and is unique in the way that thorns adorn large portions of the trunk. The honeylocust provides decent shade as well.
More detail: Honey locust’s Tree of the Month.
Alternate, pinnately compound, with 15 to 30 leaflets that are ovate to elliptical in shape, and green to yellow-green in color
Small, greenish yellow, on 2- to 3-inch-long narrow, hanging clusters, not showy but very fragrant
Flattened, red-brown, leathery pod that becomes dry and twisted; pod contains many shiny dark-brown oval seeds
be either stout or slender, prominantly zig-zag, red-brown to light brown in color
Initially, gray-brown to bronze, and smooth with many horizontal lenticels; later breaking into long, narrow, curling plates; often displaying clusters of large, branched thorns on trunk
Medium-sized tree with a typically short bole and an airy, spreading crown
Can reach heights of 66 to 100 feet
Ranging from southeastern South Dakota to New Orleans and central Texas, and as far east as eastern Massachusetts
Medium deciduous tree
Honeylocust leaves turn to a bright yellow in the fall
Commonly found in moist, fertile soils near streams and lakes
Prefers sun, shade intolerant
Waterlocust, mimosa, black locust
Pests and Diseases
It is resistant to Gypsy moths but is defoliated by another pest, the mimosa webworm. Spider mites, cankers, and galls are also problems. Honeylocust is subject to few diseases but the canker Thyronectria austro-americana can be fatal if not treated properly.
The name derives from the sweet taste of the legume pulp, which was used for food by Native American people, and can also be fermented to make beer.