Red Maple


Flowers of red maple


Introduction

One of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern North America, the red maple is welcomed for its brilliant fall colors and pretty flowers that it produces in spring. It is extremely adaptable to a wide range of locales which make it an excellent ornamental tree.

This tree is eligible for a $100 Tree Rebate. If you’d like help with the planting, check out our RiverSmart Homes program.

Common Name
Red maple

Latin Name
Acer rubrum

Leaf
Opposite, simple, 3 to 5 palmate lobes with serrated margin, sinuses relatively shallow; green above, whitened and sometimes glaucous or hairy beneath

Flower
Attractive but small, occur in hanging clusters, usually bright red but occasionally yellow, appear in early spring, usually before leaves

Fruit/nut
Clusters of 1/2- to 3/4-inch long samaras with slighly divergent wings, on long slender stems; light brown and often reddish

Twig/branchesReddish and lustrous with small lenticels, buds usually blunt, green or reddish with several loose scales usually present

Bark
On young trees, smooth and light gray, with age becomes darker and breaks up into long, fine scaly plates

Form
In forest, trunk usually clear for some distance; in the open, trunk is shorter and the crown rounded

Size
The red maple can grow 60 to 90 feet tall

Native Range
Native to most states east of the Mississippi and spreads into the lower portions of Ontario

Type
Medium to large deciduous tree

Seasonal Colors
The tree turns to a bright red color in fall

Soil
Grows best in moderately well-drained, moist sites at low or intermediate elevations, but can adapt to a wide variety of soil conditions and types

Light
Prefers full sun but is tolerant of shade

Similar Species
Silver maple, mountain maple, mapleleaf viburnum, sugar maple

Pests and Diseases
Many trunk rot fungi and stem diseases attack red maple, but leaf diseases are generally of minor importance. Many different insects also feed on red maple, but probably none of them kill healthy trees.

Rebate Eligibility
$100

Of Note
Red maple is also used for the production of maple syrup, although not as much as other maples.

The red maple is one of the first plants to flower in spring.

Photo Credits

Dendroica cerulea
Jamie Richmond
jweisenhorn
wlcutler