Swamp White Oak


Leaf detail with color

Introduction

The swamp white oak is a grand tree that loves the water and thrives in swampy marshlands. Its size and strength make it perfect for shoring up riverbeds and providing cover for all sorts of wildlife.

More detail: Swamp White Oak’s Tree of the Month.

Common Name

Swamp white oak

Latin Name

Quercus bicolor

Leaf

Broad ovoid*, with pale white underside, shallowly lobed with 5 to 7 lobes on each side

Flower

Male flowers are long yellow-green catkins*; females are green to red, very small

Fruit/Nut

Acorn is tan, with a bowl-shaped cap that covers about a third of the nut

Twig/branches

Moderately stout, light brown; terminal buds short, blunt and light brown

Bark

Gray and scaly, with irregular fissures and ridges developing as it ages

Form

Irregular open crown

Size

Can reach 65 to 80 feet tall, with the tallest known tree reaching 95 feet

Native Range

Ranges from southwestern Maine to west central Michigan and northern Wisconsin, south to Iowa and Missouri, east to Virginia and New Jersey

Type

Medium deciduous shade tree

Seasonal Colors

Brown, yellow-brown and sometimes dull red in the fall

Soil

Prefers rich, deep, moist soils that are neutral or only slightly alkaline

Light

Thrives in full sunlight or partial sunlight

Similar Species

Swamp chestnut oak, chestnut oak, chinkapin oak, bur oak

Pests and Diseases

Oak anthracnose is a problem but not a fatal issue. Swamp white oaks are vulnerable to oak wilt and can die if not treated.

Rebate Eligibility

$100

Of Note

The New York Times has reported that over 400 swamp white oak trees are being planted in the newly constructed September 11 Memorial Plaza in Manhattan.

Swamp white oak acorns were found to make up 27% of the diet of wild ducks.

Native Americans and early pioneers used powdered swamp white oak acorns as a thickening agent for stews and to make bread.

Photo Credits

Ninjatacoshell
maggie_and_her_camera
maggie_and_her_camera(2)
maggie_and_her_camera(3)
MONGO
Tie Guy II