The Allegheny serviceberry is a delightful, colorful tree that is attractive to the eye and to wildlife. With brilliant fall colors and beautiful flowers and fruits, the serviceberry is a welcome addition to any yard or property.
Alternate, simple, ovate, pinnately veined, finely serrated; green above and pale-green below
Beautiful white flowers that are delicately scented, white, with 5 petals that are 1/2 inch long
Rounded, red to dark purple or black when ripe, fleshy and edible
Slender, flexible, red-brown in color, may be covered with fine hairs when young
Smooth when young, ashy-gray with dark stripes; later becoming rough with long splits and furrows
A shrub or small tree with an irregular and narrow crown, usually with an upright stem
Can grow to 40 feet and have a 15- to 20-foot spread at maturity
Native to most states east of the Mississippi, north through Canada but not quite as south as Florida
Small deciduous tree
In the fall, the leaves turn to brilliant oranges, yellows and reds as they prepare to drop
Grows well in, sandy, loam, or clay soils that are well drained and slightly acidic
Prefers shade or partial shade; good understory tree
Shadblow serviceberry, downy serviceberry, American beech
Pests and Diseases
There are several health hazards to the Allegheny serviceberry, but they are generally not very serious. Witch’s broom infects the growing point of many stems and fire blight is characterized by the sudden wilting and death of branch tips. Pests include Cambium miners, spider mites, and aphids.
In April and May it has beautiful white flowers that are delicately scented and provide nectar for the season’s early bees and butterflies.