Allegheny Serviceberry


Serviceberries


Introduction

The Allegheny serviceberry is a delightful, colorful tree that is attractive to the eye and to wildlife. With brilliant fall colors and beautiful flowers and fruits, the serviceberry is a welcome addition to any yard or property.

This tree is eligible for a $50 Tree Rebate. If you’d like help with the planting, check out our RiverSmart Homes program.

Common Name
Allegheny serviceberry

Latin Name
Amelanchier laevis

Leaf
Alternate, simple, ovate, pinnately veined, finely serrated; green above and pale-green below

Flower
Beautiful white flowers that are delicately scented, white, with 5 petals that are 1/2 inch long

Fruit/nut
Rounded, red to dark purple or black when ripe, fleshy and edible

Twig/branches
Slender, flexible, red-brown in color, may be covered with fine hairs when young

Bark
Smooth when young, ashy-gray with dark stripes; later becoming rough with long splits and furrows

Form
A shrub or small tree with an irregular and narrow crown, usually with an upright stem

Size
Can grow to 40 feet and have a 15- to 20-foot spread at maturity

Native Range
Native to most states east of the Mississippi, north through Canada but not quite as south as Florida

Type
Small deciduous tree

Seasonal Colors
In the fall, the leaves turn to brilliant oranges, yellows and reds as they prepare to drop

Soil
Grows well in, sandy, loam, or clay soils that are well drained and slightly acidic

Light
Prefers shade or partial shade; good understory tree

Similar Species
Shadblow serviceberry, downy serviceberry, American beech

Pests and Diseases
There are several health hazards to the Allegheny serviceberry, but they are generally not very serious. Witch’s broom infects the growing point of many stems and fire blight is characterized by the sudden wilting and death of branch tips. Pests include Cambium miners, spider mites, and aphids.

Of Note
In April and May it has beautiful white flowers that are delicately scented and provide nectar for the season’s early bees and butterflies.

Photo Credits

Joy Weese Moll
dogtooth77
-NjuTIKA-
Dendrioca Cerulea
jweisenhorn